Irkutsk,

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The City Of Irkutsk!

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Irkutsk - the city of Russia, the administrative center of the Irkutsk region and the Irkutsk region, forms the city district of Irkutsk.
It is the sixth largest city in Siberia. For the period of January 1, 2019, the population of the city is 623 thousand 479 people.

 

The city is located in the Eastern part of Siberia on the banks of the mighty and beautiful Angara river, at the confluence of the Irkut river, respectively, hence the name of the city.
Irkutsk is 66 km from the legendary and beautiful lake Baikal.

 

The climate is continental with large temperature differences. The city regularly has weak earthquakes due to its proximity to the seismically active Baikal rift.
 
Transport hub on the TRANS-Siberian railway and Federal highways "Baikal" and "Siberia".
A large scientific and educational center, which trains more than a hundred thousand students. Among the industries - hydropower, food production, as well as aircraft.

 


Irkutsk was founded as a temporary settlement in 1661, it is an ancient Siberian city! In the fire of 1716 the city of Irkutsk was badly damaged, and the next major fire in 1879, caused so much destruction that it took more than 10 years to fully restore the city.

 

Before the revolution, the city was called "Eastern Paris", "Siberian St. Petersburg". The old spelling of the city name is "Иркуцкъ".
 

 

The city is referred to the historical settlements of Russia; the historical center of the city is included in the preliminary list of UNESCO world heritage.

 

Until the October revolution of 1917, Irkutsk was basically a merchant city that had long flourished in the Russian-Chinese trade, and later in the Siberian gold industry.

 

The city of Irkutsk was also a place of political exile.
From 1803 he was the center of the Siberian, from 1822 to 1884 - East Siberian Governor-General.
The East Siberian General governorship was a large military-administrative unit of the Russian Empire in 1822-1884. In its center it was also sometimes called the Irkutsk Governor-General, which historically arose later.